My Favourite ‘Julia Margaret Camerons.' Pre-Raphaelite photography

11th June 2015
On this day, 200 years ago precisely, the pioneering Victorian photographer, Julia Margaret Cameron was born. Known as the ‘Pre-Raphaelite Photographer,’ due to her soft-focus compositions, atmospheric lighting and use of poetic and literary themes, her portraits resonate naturally with the work of the celebrated Pre-Raphaelite painters of the mid and latter half of the 19th Century such as Rossetti and Millais. She also knew many of the artists of the times personally, including G.F. Watts and Val Princep (to whom she was related), along with notable writers such as Tennyson, Longfellow and Lewis Carrol.
Victorian lady in long dress seated at piano
Julia Margaret Cameron at piano (1863) by Oscar Rejlanderdd.
There are lots of biographies on the internet, if you would like to learn more about her. Today, there will no doubt be plenty of posts on Facebook and Twitter, too. But the best way to celebrate is probably just to look at some of her work. Here are my personal favourites:
young woman black and white photo, Victorian
May Princep as Beatrice.
young Victorian lady looking downwards, the actress Ellen Terry
A young Ellen Terry in 1864
elderly Victorian man with beard, the poet Tennyson by Julia Margaret Cameron
The Poet Laureate Alfred Lord Tennyson.
young Victorian woman glancing sideways, long hair
Another May Princep - 'Study of Beatrice Cenci.'
linking banner with red text on black background
young Victorian woman in white dress, looking out direct, Alice Liddell
Alice Liddell

Why Julia Margaret Cameron's work is important

So why do I like these photos? Why are they considered so important in the history of art and photography? Well, we admire them firstly because they were new for their time. Photography was still in its infancy when Julia Margaret was given her first camera as a present in 1863. It was still rather prone to being a science - technically challenging. It was also seen as a method of rendering things as accurately and as clearly as possible. Nothing to do with art.

While others in the field were busy endeavouring to achieve greater and greater clarity and sharpness to their photographs, JMC was pioneering soft-focus. Quite a brave move. But it changed the way we think of photography for good.

Julia Margaret decided to reverse all that and to explore the complexity and depth of character in her subjects instead. Her work anticipates the freedom of emotional expression that was to evolve from the rigidity of Victorian Society – and this most notably in the context of her female subjects. Her images look ahead to a more relaxed form of dress, and towards political movements such as women’s suffrage. They are photos of value, introspection and allegory, and each tells a story.
old photo of Victorian woman with long hair, gazing pensively to camera, by Julia Margaret Cameron
Hatty Campbell 'The Echo' 1868, by Julia Margaret Cameron.


Julia Margaret Cameron liberated photography – not single-handedly (that would be more than she herself would ever claim), but she certainly played a leading role in its development as an art form. Happy Birthday Mrs Cameron!
Authored by Robert Stephen Parry
banner with text linking to a Pre-Raphaelite novel

You might also like

Victorian Art
John Atkinson Grimshaw - painter of moonlight.
young victorian gentleman with beard facing camera sideways on
Isabella and the Pot of Basil. A Gothic theme.
painting showing young woman embracing a large garden pot or urn
Historical Novel
Queen Victoria, and the men who loved her
book cover text, red against black background
Historical Novel
The Arrow Chest. Pre-Raphaelite themed story.
head and shoulders of young woman with dark hair, profile, arms raised